Diet Tips

•March 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Diet and Weight Loss Tips
Weight Loss Information and Tips for Getting Started

Calories per Hour offers the following tips to help you lose weight to look better, feel better, and live a healthier life. These tips are short and sweet and are intended as a starting point or quick reference for individuals seeking to lose weight by using the resources offered on Calories per Hour. Read the related tutorial topics to learn more about the topics discussed in these weight loss tips

How Did I Get Here?
Do you simply need help learning how to eat better? Probably. But if you eat poorly as a result of emotional, mental, or spiritual problems, they may have to be addressed before you can make any real progress with weight loss.

Even people who don’t feel they have an eating disorder often turn to food for comfort. To learn to eat well and exercise regularly, you may also have to learn to handle the problems life throws at you without turning away from healthy eating and exercise.

Be particularly careful about all-or-nothing thinking. A common tendency when failing to stay on a diet is to abandon it altogether. Instead, try to learn from your mistakes and do better in the future.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Eating Disorders

Are You Ready to Diet? Again?
Diets entice us with promises of quick weight loss. But focusing on quick weight loss can lead to unhealthy eating and only short term success.

While most diets produce quick weight loss at the outset, they often cause your metabolism to slow. The result is that you have to eat less and less to keep losing weight. You quickly become discouraged, give up, and start eating like you used to. But now, with a slower metabolism, you regain all the weight you lost, and more.

Focus instead on improving your health, and you will become slim and healthy.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Selecting a Diet Plan

Take Control of What You Eat
There are few things that we have complete control over, but what we put in our mouths is one of them. We don’t have to lose control in a restaurant or a friend’s home, and we don’t have to eat everything that’s put in front of us.

Consider this:  We love fat because it carries flavor, and restaurants aren’t as interested in whether we’ll be around in 30 years as whether we’ll be back next week. And what about our friends?

Eat Frequently, and Eat Slowly
It is important to understand what happens when you skip a meal or go on a crash diet. When you skip a meal your metabolism slows to conserve your energy. And when you lose weight too quickly for a few days, your body thinks it is threatened with starvation and goes into survival mode. It fights to conserve your fat stores, and any weight loss comes mostly from water and muscle.

Never skip a meal, especially breakfast, and eat healthy snacks between meals. Eating frequently prevents hunger pangs and the binges that follow, provides consistent energy, and may be the single most effective way to maintain metabolism efficiency.

Eating slowly gives our bodies time to tell us they are full before we’ve eaten more than we need.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Raise Your Metabolism and Burn More Calories

Eat More Fruits, Vegetables and Whole Grains
People who eat healthy, mostly unprocessed foods, including fruit, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and limited amounts of lean animal protein, often find that they can eat as much as they want without gaining weight. If they are switching from a diet containing lots of processed foods, they find that they can eat more yet consume fewer calories — and they lose weight.

Historically, the Chinese ate mostly rice and vegetables with a little lean meat for protein and flavor, nothing like the American Chinese restaurant dishes of deep fried sweet and sour pork. A step back to more natural foods would improve our health and waistlines.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Why Healthy Food Makes You Slim

Eat More Fiber
Fiber makes us feel full sooner and stays in our stomach longer than other substances we eat, slowing down our rate of digestion and keeping us feeling full longer. Due to its greater fiber content, a single serving of whole grain bread can be more filling than two servings of white bread. Fiber also moves fat through our digestive system faster so that less of it is absorbed.

Refined grains like white rice and those used to make white bread and sugary breakfast cereals have had most of their fiber and nutrients stripped away. They turn into blood sugar (glucose) so fast that, like sugar itself, they can cause a spike in our insulin level. This tells our body that plenty of energy is readily available and that it should stop burning fat and start storing it.

Eating foods with plenty of fiber will help keep our blood sugar at a more consistent level.

Related Tutorial Topic:  How Fiber Helps You Lose Weight

Cut Down on Sugar
Be careful about sugar in coffee and soda pop. It can add up quickly, and these drinks aren’t filling.

Watch for “hidden” sugar in processed foods like bread, ketchup, salad dressing, canned fruit, applesauce, peanut butter, and soups. And be careful with “fat-free” products. Sugar is often used to replace the flavor that is lost when the fat is removed. Fat-free does not mean calorie-free.

The greater concern with the insulin spike (above) is not that it tells our body to start storing fat. Whatever we eat and don’t burn up eventually gets turned into fat anyway.

The greater concern is that the insulin spike is followed by a drop in insulin level that leaves us feeling tired and hungry and wanting to eat more. The unfortunate result of this scenario is that it makes us want to eat something else with a high sugar content. When we do, we start the cycle all over again.

Regulating your blood sugar level is the most effective way to maintain your fat-burning capacity.

Related Tutorial Topic:  How Blood Sugar Levels Affect Weight Loss

Too Much of a Bad Thing
Foods like cheese stand out as among the most fat-laden, with a great number of calories coming from fat. But as important as it is to select the healthiest foods, it is also important to consider how they are prepared.

Fried foods, especially deep-fried, contain a great amount of fat. While chicken and fish are usually leaner than beef or pork, they can contain more fat when they are fried. Look at how the number of grams of fat in a chicken breast changes depending on how it is cooked:

Cooking Method Fat
Meat Only, Roasted 3.1
Meat Only, Fried 4.1
Meat and Skin, Batter Fried 18.5
“Fried food? All I eat is salad and I still can’t lose weight!”

Be careful with salad dressings, mayonnaise, and other condiments that are high in fat content. They greatly increase the calorie count and can negate the healthy aspects of a meal. Replace mayonnaise-based condiments with fat-free alternatives like fat-free yogurt, mustard, ketchup and barbecue sauce.

And remember, a gram of fat contains more than twice as many calories as a gram of protein or carbohydrate.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Calories in Protein, Fat and Carbohydrates

Too Little of a Good Thing
But don’t try to eliminate fat altogether, as dietary fat is necessary to maintain a healthy body. It is a vital component for building body tissue and cells, and it aids in the absorption of some vitamins and other nutrients. Many people eat too much of the bad fats, but also eat too little of the good fats required for optimal health.

Related Tutorial Topic:  Good Fats and Bad Fats

Exercise Regularly
People who exercise regularly not only lose weight faster, they are more successful at keeping it off. Exercise makes it possible to create a calorie deficit and lose weight without starving your body and slowing your metabolism.

At home, at the gym, or playing sports, participate in both aerobic and strength building activities on a regular basis. Not only does the exercise itself burn calories, but your body will continue to burn calories at a higher rate even after you’re done exercising.

If walking is all you can do, then walk because it’s great for you. But muscle burns more calories than fat, so put on a little muscle if you can and you will burn more calories just sitting there… looking good.

But don’t sit too long. The human body is good at adapting. If you dig ditches without gloves, you will develop calluses to protect your hands. If you sit too long, you will develop extra padding to keep you comfortable!

Related Tutorial Topic:  Why Exercise Is Important for Weight Loss

Take It Easy
Unless you are excited to be following a very specific diet and exercise plan, do not try and change too much too fast. If you have been eating poorly and not exercising, both your body and your mind will have a lot of adjusting to do.

All the sugar and fat were actually quite enjoyable, and sitting on the couch didn’t feel too bad, either. If you try and change everything too quickly the odds are greater that you will feel bad, get discouraged, and give up. So be patient.

A time will come when a healthy snack will taste as good as the junk food you felt bad about eating, and you will look forward to your regular exercise.

Begin Now
You can achieve your goals, but it won’t likely happen as a result of the next fad diet. Or the one after that.

Learning to eat well and exercise is the only solution to long term weight loss.

How to get sixpack??

•March 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Strengthen your abdominal muscles and lose body fat. The concept is simple, but putting it into action is not simple at all. It will take dedication, time and patience to get a six pack but in the end, the effort is well worth it. You can have the most toned and defined abs but they won’t show through if there’s a layer of fat over them.
StepsTips and Warnings
To get six pack abs you need to do two things: Build muscle and lose fat. Here are ways to accomplish each of these goals:
Build Muscle

1

Do squats. To build really great abs it’s important to first understand what abs do. Their full name is ‘rectus abdominis’. The ‘rectus’ bit, is Latin for ‘straight, proper, upright’. Contrary to popular opinion, the abs primary job is not to curl you up into a ball, but they work together with the back muscles to maintain correct posture and stabilize the spine. Therefore training your abs without training your back will create an imbalance in the musculature that supports your spine. These muscles are not just for show! So the best exercises for abs are ones that force your entire core to go into overdrive to support your spine. Some exercises that do this are squats and deadlifts. These exercises will train your entire core to work together to do what it is designed to do. At the same time they will also train a lot of other muscles (eg glutes and quads), and this promotes even more rapid fat loss as the body recovers.
2

Do Crunches. Lie on the floor (with or without a mat) your arms in front of your chest. Bend your knees up as far as they go. Do not place both hands behind your head. Placing both hands behind your head can cause lower back problems in the long run as it places unnecessary stress on that part of your body from pulling on your head and neck. Another alternative is to cross your arms in front of your chest and lightly place your finger tips behind your ears, without pulling on your neck. Now raise your shoulders (upper torso) towards your knees, using strictly your abdominal muscles. It is very important not to lift your entire back off the floor, as this can cause back strain, and the extended movement does not help you develop six pack abs any faster. The most important part of the crunch is the initial flexing of your abs as you lift your shoulders off the floor. As soon as you begin lifting off the floor exhale through your mouth, ending with a gasp once your shoulders are off the floor. Then pause for a second once you are at the top of the crunch and exhale the last bit of air from your diaphragm while flexing your abs. The proper breathing and flexing make all the difference. Now lower back down slowly and controlled while inhaling through your nose, just until your shoulder blades touch the ground. Do not let your head touch the ground and repeat.
3

Do Sit Ups. Lie on the floor, feet on the floor, knees up and fingers placed behind your ears or hands crossed on your chest. Sit all the way up, lifting your lower back off the floor along with your shoulder blades. Lower yourself down. Repeat. Once this becomes relatively easy for you (i.e. you can do a quite a bit with ease) start adding more challenges. Find an incline bench or do these with an exercise ball. Once you “graduate” from that, do weighted sit ups. Hold a weight on your chest while you do these. As these become easier, hold heavier and heavier weights.
4Do Bicycle Crunches. Lift your feet off the ground while doing the sit ups by alternating each leg in the air. Bicycling, pretending to pedal while sitting up. Alternating knee touches. If your hands are behind your head, bring your left knee up to touch your right elbow and then your right knee to the left elbow.
5

Do Leg Lifts. Lie on the floor, legs straight out, hands at your sides. Lift your legs straight up (not bending your knees at all) until they’re at a 90 degree angle (or close). Lower your legs and repeat without letting your legs touch the floor. For more challenge there is equipment at most gyms that will allow you to raise yourself up using your arms as support and dangle your legs. You can perform leg lifts there too. If you’re using this piece of equipment, you can make it easier by just raising your knees to your chest. It’s more difficult to raise your legs to a horizontal position with your legs straight. This helps firm up the lower abdomen. If you’re truly a monster, try doing leg lifts with a medicine ball hanging from your feet. Or hang from a pull up bar and raise your legs in front of you all the way up to the bar.
6

Do Jackknife Sit Ups. Lie down flat on the floor. Place your hands on the ground to your sides for balance; you can pick them up as you get used to the movement. Simultaneously raise your knees and torso so that your knees and face meet on an imaginary line extending from your pelvis to the ceiling. You should be able to kiss your knees at the top of the motion. Your legs will naturally fold bringing your feet towards your hips, much like a jackknife. Lie back down (i.e. “spread out”) and repeat. Place a weight between your feet when you think you can handle it.
7

Static Hold and Side Statics. Put your body into the push-up position but with your elbows on the floor, and your whole body flat. This position is known as the static hold position and it trains your core (including your abs) to hold the body in place which is the real purpose of your abs. Hold this position for as long as possible. Beginners should be aiming to start off with at least 45 seconds, while seasoned ab workers are known to achieve over 5 minute static holds. To perform the side static hold, roll onto one side of your body and lift into the same position as before, but this time only one arm will be on the ground with the other arm pointed straight up the air and your non weight bearing leg resting on your bottom leg. Once again, hold this for as long as possible.
8

Train Your Oblique Muscles. It’s not as important to work on your oblique muscles at first, but eventually you’ll want to start working these too. These are the muscles to either side of your stomach. There are multiple ways to do this and anything that includes twisting your torso against a resistance counts. There are twisting machines at gyms, you can twist while you do sit-ups, you can do side bends, you can twist side to side with a medicine ball in hand, etc. Be aware though, that many beginners tend to have weak obliques compared to their abs (it simply isn’t used as much in daily life) so go easy on the sides at first.
9Now that you’ve made up your mind about a washboard mid-section, be Creative! Find new ways to crunch, bend and twist in your daily life. Some possibilities include:

Use a stability ball. Do your crunches on the ball to introduce instability to your workout, which will improve your balance too. There are also lots of core exercises that can be done with a stability ball.You can also use a small bubble used for physical therapy.
Duck and twist during your daily routine. Reach with your left hand to things on your right and vice versa. If you feel like turning around to face something, see if you can do it with keeping your hips in place and twisting at the waist (warning: awkward when talking to other people, use only against inanimate objects). While walking or standing, pretend that something is coming toward you and you have to duck to get out of the way. Do this as often as you are comfortable or at times when it won’t look weird. You can bend forward from the hips or, if you’re really into it, bend at the knees too and really “sink” out of the way. Caution: If you have lower back problems, you could injure yourself.
Incorporate Sprints into your regular workout routine. Any higher-impact running works the abs, but intense sprinting derives power specifically from the lower abs.
10Do the Scientific Best Abs Exercise. Researchers at the San Diego State University, found that there are certain abs exercises that triggers most muscular activity. The winner was the “bicycle maneuver”:
Lie on the floor; make sure your lower back is pressed on the ground.
Take your hands behind your ears. Then bring up your knees at a 45 degree angle.
Start doing a bicycle pedaling motion. Touch your elbow with the opposite knee (right elbow with left knee and so on, alternating)
Breathe in a relaxed and even manner throughout the exercise.
Lose Fat

1Eat Smaller Dinners. Cut down on the size of your dinner and try to “eat clean”. That is, eat at least 50% fruit and vegetables, then a fist-size portion of unrefined, complex carbs (potatoes, sweet potatoes, etc), and some low fat protein about the size of your palm. If you’re hungry, snack on fruits or other healthy, low calorie snacks. Large dinners tend to hurt a fat loss process because most people aren’t very active after dinner. This is the basis for advice along the lines of “don’t eat anything within N hours before going to bed”. The claim that your entire dinner is stored as fat isn’t entirely true (the process is more complicated than that) but the fact you don’t move after dinner is enough to hurt your cause. You can offset this by eating a larger lunch or snacking healthily before dinner. Fresh fruits or vegetables are excellent choices for curbing appetite not to mention other health benefits. A handful of nuts might do the same. Drink a large glass of water before sitting at the table.
2Eat More Fiber. Most people don’t get enough fiber. The recommended amount is actually not that much if you eat a healthy diet. “Fiber foods” include whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and nuts and seeds. Other options are fiber supplements.
3Eat Breakfast. Many people skip breakfast because they don’t have time for it. Keep this in mind: You don’t have time to skip breakfast, it’s simply too valuable to skip. The fact that skipping breakfast messes up your concentration and other mental functions is beyond the scope of this article. The harm of skipping breakfast from a weight loss perspective is it makes you eat a huge lunch since your body hasn’t had anything in the past 12 (or more) hours. When you eat a huge lunch you get that after meal drowsiness so now you’re both unproductive and inactive. Cereals don’t take much time to prepare and consume, and most of them are very healthy nowadays. If you are extremely pressed for time, consider grabbing a box of breakfast bars or a smoothie and throwing one in your bag when you leave for work or school. Some breakfast bars out there are also excellent sources of fiber. Your breakfast should be the biggest meal of the day, lunch the second, and dinner the smallest.
4

Lift Weights. The more muscle your body has, the more calories your body burns, even at rest. However recent research has shown this effect is not as great as previously thought. Resistance training is still very important to limit the amount of muscle mass lost whilst reducing your calorie intake. Many people are afraid of getting huge due to weight lifting but the fact is you won’t! Many huge body-builders out there have been body-building for years to get huge. Since you want your abs to show, you should be eating fewer calories than you burn, and your body can’t build a large amount of muscle without excess calories, so you shouldn’t have to worry about this potential problem at all. If you just do cardiovascular exercises (running, playing basketball, football, etc.) without lifting weights then you will lose the muscle mass, you will also feel weak and it will take longer to lose that fat. So, to get rid of that fat quickly lift weights combined with cardiovascular exercises. Running, biking, swimming, stair climbing, jumping rope, tennis, volleyball, dancing, squash or any other activity that gets you moving and keeps you moving is a great way to burn fat. However, a cardiovascular workout should be performed for at least 20 to 30 minutes to burn fat. Prior to this your body will simply run on its stored energy, which results in minimal fat loss. Cardiovascular training should always be done after your weight lifting workout. While lifting weights, you use stored, (carbohydrate) energy, thus, by performing cardiovascular exercises after weight training your body will have less stored energy to use and go straight into the fat storage for its energy use. Some think the best way to shed fat fast is to do cardiovascular exercises right when you wake up. The theory is that your body will search for energy to use, and when it finds nothing in your stomach, it will go directly to your fat reserves for energy. Others say that the first thing you should do in the morning is eat, to get your metabolism going earlier.
5Keep Metabolism Steady. Eating one small meal every three hours that you are awake will not speed up your metabolism, rather, it will keep it going. Your metabolism goes and slows with your food intake and eating something small every three hours will keep that metabolism burning calories and will help you lose weight. Every meal should include lean protein, so that your body won’t need to break down your muscles for fuel, which would shrink your abs as well as slow down your metabolism.
6

Drink More Water Every Day. Many places suggest 8 cups (2L) of water a day. It also depends on your weight (1L/20kg would be good, more if it’s hot or you’re ill). It sounds like an absurd amount of water, but actually, you can drink tea without sugar to make up some of the quota. In fact tea, especially green tea, will rev up your “metabolism” (actually cause a temporary increase in calories burned).
For fat loss purposes, it is important to remind yourself that thirst is a much weaker stimulus than hunger. If you consistently feel hungry after meals, don’t immediately think that you need to eat more. You may simply be thirsty!
Needless to say there are many benefits of water. The human body is anywhere from 55% to 78% water depending on body size.
7Avoid “white” foods (white rice, pasta,white bread, white flour, refined sugar) – these foods cause insulin spikes and trigger increased storage of dietary fat storage and slow down burning of body fat. Also avoid high sodium foods as “salt” will enable you to hold more water. Replacing pasta with whole wheat pasta, white rice with brown rice, and white bread with whole wheat bread are good substitutes.

Athletic Body Workout

•March 23, 2010 • Leave a Comment

 Oh no!  “Not another workout promising fitness, fat loss and muscle building.”

Well, that’s exactly what I thought when I sat down to write the Athletic Body Workout.  I mean, after all, does the world really need another workout?  

And the answer is NO, it doesn’t.  But it does need a complete, step-by-step TRAINING PROGRAM! 
Let me explain:
Workouts are a dime a dozen.  There are millions of them floating around out there on the Internet for free.  If anything, one could argue there are TOO MANY workouts out there.  So, why add to the problem? 
Don’t Work Out, Train!  

One particular workout will not produce the fitness, fat loss and physique building RESULTS you are after.  A “workout” has a short life span in terms of effectiveness.  We’ve all been there.  We start a new workout and get spectacular results, at first.  Then the improvements are far and few between until they stop all together.  Normally, way short of your goals. What people really need is a TRAINING PROGRAM made up of many workouts, each with specific goals, keeping them on a steady path toward the ultimate goal.  

1 Workout = Short Term Improvements (Failure To Meet Your Goals)

Training Program = Long Term Improvements (Success In Meeting Your Goals)

Athletic Body Workout is a training program, not a workout!

This is a very important difference, the difference between success and failure!

Train Like An Athlete  

The “workouts” most men are doing are not designed to produce the results they want.  To make sure we are absolutely clear, this is exactly what I want to say:

Most men will NEVER reach their fitness, fat loss and physique goals using the workout they are doing, no matter how long they do it.

Most men I talk to and train want the strong, lean, muscular body of an athlete, yet train like a bodybuilder and eat like a truck driver.  (Sorry to the truck drivers eating healthy!)  Most men specifically tell me they DON’T want to look like a bodybuilder!  Then, why are they training like one?  

Read this next line carefully, it could change the way you look at your training, forever!

Combining bodybuilding resistance training with long-slow cardio is not the path to the strong, lean, muscular body you want!
If you want the body of an athlete, train like one!
Therefore, you need something like the Athletic Body Workout.

So, if you’ve failed to reach your fitness, fat loss and physique goals, this is for you.  Don’t make the mistake of blindly holding on to the same workout, even though it is not producing the RESULTS you want for all your hard work.  It’s time for something new, something different.  

It’s time for the Athletic Body Workout, the athletic approach to fitness, fat loss and physique!
 
The Athletic Body Workout Creed 
To look like an athlete, train like one!
At one point or another we all look in the mirror and don’t like the reflection staring back at us. This is what inspires us to join gyms and buy exercise equipment. We want to change the way we look. And oh yea, how we perform and feel as well!

But the big question is, “What do you want to look like?”

When I ask men what their goals are, they usually say:

-“I want to lose some fat.”

-“I want to put on some muscle.”

-“I want to look fit.”

And then they add:

“But I don’t want to look like a bodybuilder!”

The fact is, most men want the strong, lean, muscular body of an athlete. They want a body with power muscles in all the right places and void of performance robbing, physique destroying fat. The want the body of an athlete!

Then, STOP TRAINING LIKE A BODYBUILDER!

The reason most men (and women for that matter), fail to reach their fitness, fat loss and physique goals is they are not training for their goals. If you want an athletic body, your training program must resemble a training program of athletes. Simple, right? But most men get this all wrong.

I’m going to say it once more:

If you want to look like an athlete, train like one!

The Athletic Body Workout combines a General Fitness Workout, a Fat Loss Workout and a Strength & Size Workout into a step-by-step training program with one destination, the strong, lean, muscular body of an athlete.

It is the training program for your goals!

Get Athletic Body Workout today!

 
Athletic Bodies Are The Epitome Of Manliness! 
The Athletic Body Workout Builds Athletic Bodies
If you have ever worked out with weights before, you’ve performed a work out influenced by bodybuilding. Now, this is not necessarily a bad thing. I don’t want you to get the impression I’m against bodybuilding, because I’m not. What I’m against is people doing bodybuilding workouts when they don’t share the goals of bodybuilders because they think they don’t have a choice.

You do have a choice:

You can train like a bodybuilder, or you can train like an athlete!

I choose to train like an athlete because the RESULTS match my goals. And in my experience, athletic training more closely matches the goals of most men. The problem is, the information out there is dominated by bodybuilding. As a result, most men just don’t know how to train like an athlete to get the body they want.

But now, there is the Athletic Body Workout!

The Athletic Body Workout builds bodies that look, perform and feel more like athletes than bodybuilders.

Let’s be honest.

The athletic body is a representation of something more; PERFORMANCE. When you look at an athletic body it promises a high level of fitness in the abilities of strength, power, cardiorespiratory endurance, agility, coordination, speed, flexibility, accuracy and mental toughness. And the promise of fitness performance is more manly (and attractive) than just slapping on freakish muscles. Just because you can MAXIMIZE muscle growth, doesn’t mean you should.

If you haven’t thought about it before, take a second. Look at photos of athletes. Just pick a sport, football, wrestling, tennis, track and field, gymnastics, rock climbing, etc. Now take a look at one of the slabs of beef in a muscle mag.

Who would you rather look like, one of the athletes or one of the bodybuilders?

If you share my goals: Check Out The Athletic Body Workout!
New At The Optimum Fitness Network 
Let’s see what Coach Lomax is up to…
Important Athletic Body Workout Links 
Athletic Body Workout: The Athletic Approach To Fitness, Fat Loss and Physique
Finally, a training program to improve strength, lose fat and build the body of an athlete. If you’re tired of not getting the results you want with bodybuilding resistance training followed by long-slow cardio, this is for you.
Optimum Fitness Network Blog
Stay up to date with the Optimum Fitness Network, the brain child of Coach Eddie Lomax. Finally, fitness, fat los and physique building that makes sense.
Workout Duel
Get one of the programs I recommend from highly respected fitness professionals, and I’ll GIVE YOU a free copy of Athletic Body Workout for comparison! Do the workouts long enough to make an honest comparison, and finally get fit, lose fat and build a muscular body.
Start Your Athletic Body Workout 
The strong, lean, muscular body of an athlete awaits!

Athletic Body Workout is an immediately downloadable eBook. So you can start right away! Everything you need to start getting RESULTS you can SEE, FEEL and USE is included!

Here is what you do:

First: Go to Athletic Body Workout and download your copy

The order process is fast, safe and secure. Order worry free with my 100% Money Back Guarantee for a full 8 weeks!

This is an automated process, so go there now, morning, noon or middle of the night!

Download your copy, it only takes a minute or two!

(You’ll also be given a link to a Bonus Download Page where you can claim your free bonuses.PLUS, I’ll give you instructions on how to get into my Exclusive Customer Area for more goodies!)

Second: Look Over The Valuable Information, Exercise Descriptions & Photos

You’ll be amazed at all the information I give you. I aim to OVERDELIVER, and that is just what I do. After a quick glance, you’ll get motivated to try some of these great workouts.

So lets get started!

Lastly: Print A Workbook And Start!

There is nothing worse than getting an effective workout program and then let it gather dust on your hard drive. So, I’ve made it easy for you to get started right away! After all, the faster you start, the fasters you’ll achieve your goals.

The Workbooks for the General Fitness Workout, the Fat Loss workout and the Strength & Size Workout are printable for your convenience. You can print off as many as you want, for a lifetime of effective athletic body workouts.

Get Your Athletic Body Today
Coach Eddie Lomax, Author of Athletic Body Workout 
Find out why I am quickly being known as “The Coach With The Plan”

Do you have a PLAN to create the body you want?

Here is a hint: There is no magic workout or miracle piece of equipment.

To achieve your goals of the fit, lean, athletic physique that performs as good as it looks, you need a plan! Don’t just randomly perform workouts and HOPE they create the body you want. Follow the plan specifically designed to create the athletic body you seek.

I know you are motivated and want to finally reach your physique goals. So, stop worrying about what muscles the exercise works, split routines and isolation exercises. Leave that nonsense to the bodybuilders. Start training like an athlete!

I want you to stop wasting your training time on exercises and routines that will never get you where you want to go. Start training for your athletic body goals, and start achieving them.

Don’t forget to rank this page!

Hospitality Management Studies

•March 22, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Hospitality management is the academic study of the hospitality industry. A degree in Hospitality management is often conferred from either a university college dedicated to the studies of hospitality management or a business school with a department in hospitality management studies.

[edit] Hospitality and Tourism Management
In America, Hospitality and Tourism Management (HTM) can be a business major in either a Bachelors of Science, Bachelors of Commerce or a Bachelors of Arts.

Graduate students graduate with a Masters of Business Administration, a Masters or Science, or a Doctorate of Philosophy in Hospitality and Tourism Management.

It is a focus that is studied by individuals that are intending to work in the Hospitality Industry, examples of which are; Hotels, Resorts, Casinos, Restaurants, and Events.

Within the HTM concentration there is generally:

Food Management and Operations (Examples: Food Science, Food Selection and Preparation, Food and Beverage Operations)
Lodging Operations (Examples: Hotel Operations, Resort Management, Lodging Management, Financial Management and Cost Control for Hospitality Organizations)
Global Tourism (Examples: Travel and Tourism Management, Tourism Analysis, Hospitality and Research Methods)
Sustainable Tourism (Examples: Natural Destination Management, Responsible Tourism, Green Tourism and Eco-Tourism, Alternative and more Environmentally friendly ways of working within the whole Tourism industry)
Tourist Attractions Management (Examples: Heritage Attractions, Arts and Cultural Attractions, Industrial Attractions, City Based Attractions, Retail Attractions, Natural Attractions)
Entertainment Management (Examples: Theme Park Management, Theatre Management, Cinema Management, Museology, Live Music and Music Festival Management).
Event Management (Examples: Hospitality Sales, Catering Management, Hospitality Marketing Management)
Several large corporations such as Marriott, IHG, Hyatt, Starwood, Wyndham and Hilton Hotels have summer internships in training programs for students majoring in Hospitality and Tourism Management, to help students get valuable work experience.

Kharisma Dalam Kepemimpinan, Bisakah Dipelajari?

•March 22, 2010 • Leave a Comment

(managementfile – Leadership) – Kharisma merupakan hal yang penting bagi seorang pemimpin. Sejumlah bukti yang kian meningkat mendukung nilai kharisma dalam kepemimpinan. Banyak diantara pemimpin-pemimpin yang kita kenal memiliki kharisma yang sangat kuat, seperti Martin Luther King, Margareth Thatcher, Mother Theresa, Barack Obama, dan pemimpin di negeri kita sendiri seperti Bung Karno, Ki Hajar Dewantoro Jenderal Sudirman, KH. Abdurrahman Wahid, Ali Sadikin.

Apa yang membedakan pemimpin-pemimpin kharismatik ini dibandingkan mereka yang kurang atau tidak memiliki kharisma? Menurut Stephen P. Robbins dalam bukunya The Truth About Managing People, Karakteristik umum para pemimpin kharismatik antara lain adalah keyakinan diri, visi yang kuat, kemampuan mengartikulasikan visi, dan kemauan untuk melakukan perubahan radikal. Dulu kita berpikir bahwa pemimpin kharismatik dilahirkan, akan tetapi bukti terakhir menyatakan sebaliknya…. perilaku kharismatik dapat dipelajari dan dilatih. Hal-hal yang perlu dilatih untuk membantu Anda menjadi seorang pemimpin yang berkharisma adalah sebagai berikut :

Proyeksikan kehadiran yang kuat, percaya diri dan dinamis.
Mungkin Anda pernah mendengar seseorang yang berbicara dengan suara yang ‘cempreng’ atau dengan nada yang nyaring, meninggi… tentu saja hal tersebut membuat kita malas untuk mendengarnya… padahal seorang pemimpin adalah seorang yang banyak ‘didengar’ oleh orang lain. Untuk itu, perlu memiliki nada suara yang menawan dan menarik hati. Selain itu, ketika berbicara atau melakukan presentasi, peliharalah kontak mata langsung dan jaga postur tubuh Anda sedemikian sehingga tubuh Anda mengatakan bahwa Anda yakin pada diri Anda sendiri. Berbicara dengan jelas, jangan gugup, dan hindari kata-kata yang tidak perlu, misalnya : “emmm” dan “apa….apa..”

Ciptakan Visi yang kuat untuk masa depan
Tentukan cara-cara yang tidak konvensional untuk mencapai visi tersebut. Komunikasikan visi itu kepada yang lain, bagaimana cara untuk mencapai tujuan. Perlu diingat bahwa berhasil itu bukan hanya sekedar memiliki visi, tapi kemampuan untuk mendorong yang lain ikut serta di dalamnya.

Komunikasikan ekspektasi kinerja yang tinggi
Perlu suatu keyakinan pada kemampuan orang lain untuk memenuhi ekspektasi-ekspektasi ini. Nyatakan sasaran yang ambisius bagi individu dan kelompok dan tunjukkan keyakinan Anda bahwa sasaran-sasaran tersebut dapat dicapai.

Seseorang dapat menjadi kharismatik dengan mengikuti proses tiga langkah :
Pertama, Anda perlu mengembangkan kharisma dengan memelihara pandangan yang optimistik, menggunakan semangat dan gairah sebagai katalis untuk membangkitkan antusiasme dan mengkomunikasikannya melalui seluruh tubuh Anda, bukan hanya melalui kata-kata.
Kedua, Anda harus menarik yang lain dengan menciptakan suatu ikatan yang mengilhami orang lain untuk mengikuti.
Ketiga, Anda perlu mengeluarkan potensi yang dimiliki oleh pengikut dengan membuka jalan masuk ke dalam emosi mereka.

Pendekatan ini tampaknya berhasil sebagaimana dibuktikan oleh keberhasilan yang dicapai oleh para peneliti dengan menyediakan naskah bagi para mahsiswa untuk memainkan peran kasirmatik. Para mahasiswa diajarkan untuk mengartikulasikan sasaran yang jauh, mengkomunikasikan ekspektasi kinerja yang tinggi, menunjukan keyakinan pada kemampuan bawahan untuk memenuhi ekspektasi tersebut dan berempati pada kebutuhan bawahan mereka. Mereka juga memperagakan keberadaan yang kuat, penuh keyakinan diri dan dinamis serta menggunakan nada suara dan intonasi yang menawan dan menarik hati, memelihara kontak mata langsung dan menjaga postur yang rileks dan wajah yang ekspresif.

Para peneliti menemukan bahwa para mahasiswa ini dapat mempelajari bagaimana memproyeksikan kharisma. Lebih jauh lagi, bawahan dari para pemimpin ini mempunyai kinerja tugas, penyesuaian tugas dan penyesuaian yang tinggi kepada pemimpin dan kepada tim daripada yang dilakukan oleh bawahan yang bekerja di bawah kelompok-kelompok yang dipimpin oleh pemimpin yang tidak memiliki kharisma.

Penjelasan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa meskipun sebagian orang jelas mempunyai gaya intuitif yang menciptakan kharisma, Anda dapat melatih diri untuk menunjukkan perilaku kharismatik. Jika Anda lakukan secara konsisten, maka orang akan mempersepsikan Anda sebagai seorang pemimpin yang kharismatik.

Kerajaan Sambas

•March 22, 2010 • Leave a Comment

HUBUNGAN SAMBAS DAN MAJAPAHIT

Dalam masa kejayaanya kerajaan Majapahit telah menguasai seluruh wilayah Nusantara,termasuk kerajaan Sambas dipulau Kalimantan.(Nagara Kertagama Pupuh XIII).Majapahit bukan hanya menguasai kerajaan kerajaan dibawah taklukanya,tetapi telah mengirimkan keturunan dan keluarga raja dengan prajuritnya.mereka bukan hanya menguasai daerah dan rakyatnya,tetapi yang terpenting pula mengembangkan kebudayaan agama Hindu dan Budha.namun tidak banyak peninggalan raja raja dari agama Hindu di Sambas dan Kalimantan…daerah ini umumnya daerah rawa berlumpur dan tidak ada batu besar untuk membuat prasasti atau candi…peninggalan sejarah zaman itu sulit dibuat dan mudah hancur oleh air dan Lumpur.ada yang berpendapat bahwa arca Hindu dan Budha di Sambas dibuat dari emas.buktinya di British Museum London terdapat 9 buah arca agama Hindu dan Budha berasal dari Sambas.

Sambas dimasa sebelum Ratu Sepudak kurang dikenal,sejarahnya diliputi kabut kegelapan…dari cerita rakyat yang bersipat legendaries yang dituturkan dari mulut kemulut terdapat bermacam macam versi.sebagaimana kerajaan kerajaan Melayu /Islam pada umumnya,demikian pula kesultanan Sambas baru memulai sejarahnya pada permulaan berkembangnya agama Islam sejak akhir abad ke 16.

Menurut cerita rakyat, sebelum kedatangan prajurit Majapahit di Paloh,sudah ada kerajaan Sambas Tua.diceritaklan bahwa pada akhir abad ke 13 didaerah Paloh terdapat kerajaan yang dipimpin oleh seorang Ratu(Raja) bernama Raden Janur…Suatu malam kerajaan tersebut kejatuhan benda langit (Tahi Bintang/Meteor) sebesar buah kelapa,yang bercahaya sangat terang,terkenal dengan nama “Mustika Bintang”.peristiwa aneh itu tersebar luas keseluruh Nusantara hingga ke Majapahit,Prabu Majapahit memerintahkan pasukanya untuk mendapatkan “Mustika Bintang” tersebut…Pasukan Majapahit mendarat Dipangkalan Jawi (Jawai)..Alkisah,Raden Janur tidak bersedia menyerahkan Mustika Bintang,ia melarikan diri ke hutan dan menghilang bersama “Mustika Bintang”,konon kabarnya ia menjadi orang Kebanaran atau orang halus (menurut kepercayaan orang Sambas,Paloh adalah pusat kerajaan Negeri Kebanaran/Negeri Ghaib)…

Diceritakan bahwa pasukan Majapahit tersebut tak kembali ke Majapahit tetapi tinggal dan membaur dengan penduduk asli,akhirnya mereka membentuk sebuah kerajaan yang kuat,dengan ratunya berasal dari hasil perkawinan dengan penduduk setempat.diceritakan pula bahwa pada suatu hari ratu dari kerajaan ini bertamasya kepulau “Lemukutan”…dipulau itu sayup sayup terdengar ditelinga raja bunyi tangisan bayi.seluruh rombongan disuruh mencari dari mana datangnuya suara tersebut..setelah lama mencari akhirnya diketahui suara tersebut berasal dari sebuah rumpun bambu…Bambu tersebut dipotong lalu dibawa pulang keistana dan pada malamnya bambu tersebut dibelah dan betapa terkejutnya semua yang melihat kejadan tersebut,ternyata pada salah satu ruas bambu yang dibelah berisi seorang bayi laki laki…bayi tersebut akhirnya dipelihara raja bersama anaknya… Kian hari tumbuh berkembang dengan sehat,namun sangat disayangkan ia hanya mempunyai sebuah gigi layaknya seperti gigi labi labi.karena itu ia diberi nama “Tang Nunggal” (Hanya Bergigi Tunggal).

Sewaktu Ratu Meninggal,Tang Nunggal berambisi untuk menjadi raja…Dengan mengandalkan kekuatan dan kelicikanya.ia berhasil menyingkirkan putera mahkota dan menobatkan dirinya menjadi raja.Tang Nunggal adalah Raja Yang kejam,bengis dan tidak berperikemanusiaan….Karena kekejamanya Putera dan Puterinya Bujang Nadi dan Dare Nandung dikuburkan hidup hidup dibukit Sebedang lantaran kedua bersaudara itu dituduh berniat kawin sesama saudara (Legenda Bujang Nadi Dare Nandung)…Singkat cerita,hukum karma akhirnya berlaku pada dirinya,Tang Nunggal akhirnya meninggal dalam keadaan yang sangat menggenaskan,ia dimasukkan kedalam peti dan petinya dibuang kedalam sungai Sambas (petikan cerita menurut dato’ Ronggo pada tahun 1991).

Setelah Tang Nunggal dikubur disungai Sambas,Putera mahkota yang tersingkir yang berasal dari keturunan MajaPahit muncul dan mengambil alih kendali pemerintahan…raja itulah yang menurunkan raja raja Sambas sampai kepada Ratu Sepudak.

Setelah runtuhnya Majapahit ,Sambas berada dibawah kerajaan Johor(Malaysia) .pada masa Ratu Sepudak telah diadakan perjanjian dagang dengan Oppenkoopman Samuel Bloemaert dari VOC yang ditanda tangani pada 1 Oktober 1609 dikota Lama (Perjanjian Ratu Sepudak dengan VOC).

Kedatangan secara besar besaran prajurit Majapahit keSambas adalah pada masa raja Cananagara..prajurit Majapahit yang dibawa dengan kapal,tahun 1364 mendarat di Pangkalan Jawi.kini daerah itu bernama Jawai…prajurit Majapahit itu bukan berperang dan berkuasa tapi tinggal membaur dan kawin dengan penduduk setempat.percampuran dengan pendatang dari Majapahit ini yang mendorong berdirinya kekuasaan keturunan raja Majapahit yang selanjutnya berpusat Di “Paloh”…mungkin karena terlalu banyak peperangan pada dan tahun 1364 Patih Gajah Mada sudah meninggal.banyak keturunan Majapahit berpindah kedaerah lain.mereka juga masuk ke Brunai,Mempawah ,Tanjung Pura,Landak,Sanggau ,Sintang,Sukadana,dan kerajaan kerajaan kecil dipedalaman Kalimantan Barat.hal ini dibuktikan dengan banyaknya ditemukan benda sejarah peninggalan kerajaan Hindu Majapahit antara lain Batu Pahat di Sekadau,Eka Muka Lingga Guwa di Sepauk,dan lain lain.

Pada pertengahan adad ke 15,pusat kerajaan keturunan Majapahit ini berpindah dari Paloh kekota Lama dibenua Bantanan-Tempapan dikecamatan Teluk keramat.raja raja diSambas waktu itu disebut dengan gelar ratu ,seperti gelar raja raja di Majapahit.

Ketika raja Tang Nunggal berkuasa,iapun membayar upeti kepada Raja Tumasik…mungkin karena merasa telah merdeka,setelah lepas dari kerajaan Majapahit.

Ratu sepudak dengan saudaranya Timbung Paseban berkuasa sejak tahun 1550 di “Kota Lama”(Ibukota Sambas Tua),pada tahun 1570, kerajaan Sambas di “Kota Lama” berada dibawah kekuasaan kerajaan Johor…Setelah runtuhnya kerajaan Majapahit,di kerajaan Johor telah menganut kepercayaan agama Islam,dan Johor menguasai kesultanan kesultanan dipantai barat Kalimantan seperti,Brunai,Serawak,Sambas,Mempawah,Sukadana/Matan.sejak itu agama islam pun mulai dianut orang dikesultanan Sambas.(Prof.Dr.E.Gade Malsbergen ;”Geschidemis van Nederland indie,llitgertrd Mij,Amsterdam,1939,deel’,hal.349).

Ratu Sepudak sebagai raja Sambas dikota lama adalah raja beragama Hindu terakhir Di Kota Lama Sambas…Belanda(VOC) yang baru saja menguasai Batavia pada tahun 1596,pada tahun 1604 telah mengunjungi kerajaan Matan dan membuka hubungan dagang dengan Matan …Dari Matan ,VOC mendapatkan informasi tentang kerajaan yang ada di pantai barat Kalimantan.tahun 1609,VOC datang kekota Lama Sambas.mengetahui Sambas kaya dengan emas,VOC mengikat perjanjian dengan Ratu Sepudak.dalam perjanjian tanggal 1 Oktober 1609 itu,wakil VOC Samuel Bloemaert sekaligus mengikat kerajaan Landak dan Sukadana.Belanda paham benar karena landak adalah penghasil intan terkenal dan Sambas serta Matan adalah pusat penjualan emas dan intan pada masa itu.inilah awal dari perjanjian Belanda di Sambas,walaupun baru sejak 1817 Belanda duduk dan berkuasa di Sambas sumber lampiran perjanjian VOC dan Sambas 1 Oktober 1609).

Perang Salib

•March 22, 2010 • Leave a Comment

Perang Salib adalah kumpulan gelombang dari pertikaian agama bersenjata yang dimulai oleh kaum Kristiani pada periode 1095 – 1291; biasanya direstui oleh Paus atas nama Agama Kristen, dengan tujuan untuk menguasai kembali Yerusalem dan “Tanah Suci” dari kekuasaan Muslim dan awalnya diluncurkan sebagai respon atas permohonan dari Kekaisaran Byzantium yang beragama Kristen Ortodox Timur untuk melawan ekspansi dari Dinasti Seljuk yang beragama Islam ke Anatolia.

Istilah ini juga digunakan untuk ekspedisi-ekspedisi kecil yang terjadi selama Abad ke 16 di wilayah diluar Benua Eropa, biasanya terhadap kaum pagan dan kaum non-Kristiani untuk alasan campuran antara agama, ekonomi dan politik. Skema penomoran tradisional atas Perang Salib memasukkan 9 ekspedisi besar ke Tanah Suci selama Abad ke 11 sampai dengan Abad ke 13. “Perang Salib” lainnya yang tidak bernomor berlanjut hingga Abad ke 16 dan berakhir ketika iklim politik dan agama di Eropa berubah secara signifikan selama masa Renaissance.

Perang Salib pada hakikatnya bukan perang agama, melainkan perang merebut kekuasaan daerah. Hal ini dibuktikan bahwa tentara Salib dan tentara Muslim saling bertukar ilmu pengetahuan.

Perang Salib berpengaruh sangat luas terhadap aspek-aspek politik, ekonomi dan sosial, yang mana beberapa bahkan masih berpengaruh sampai masa kini. Karena konfilk internal antara kerajaan-kerajaan Kristen dan kekuatan-kekuatan politik, beberapa ekspedisi Perang Salib (seperti Perang Salib Keempat) bergeser dari tujuan semulanya dan berakhir dengan dijarahnya kota-kota Kristen, termasuk ibukota Byzantium, Konstantinopel. Perang Salib Keenam adalah perang salib pertama yang bertolak tanpa restu resmi dari gereja Katolik, dan menjadi contoh preseden yang memperbolehkan penguasa lain untuk secara individu menyerukan perang salib dalam ekspedisi berikutnya ke Tanah Suci. Konflik internal antara kerajaan-kerajaan Muslim dan kekuatan-kekuatan politik pun mengakibatkan persekutuan antara satu faksi melawan faksi lainnya seperti persekutuan antara kekuatan Tentara Salib dengan Kesultanan Rum yang Muslim dalam Perang Salib Kelima.

Asal mula ide perang salib adalah perkembangan yang terjadi di Eropa Barat sebelumnya pada Abad Pertengahan, selain itu juga menurunnya pengaruh Kekaisaran Byzantium di timur yang disebabkan oleh gelombang baru serangan Muslim Turki. Pecahnya Kekaisaran Carolingian pada akhir Abad Ke-9, dikombinasikan dengan stabilnya perbatasan Eropa sesudah peng-Kristen-an bangsa-bangsa Viking, Slav dan Magyar, telah membuat kelas petarung bersenjata yang energinya digunakan secara salah untuk bertengkar satu sama lain dan meneror penduduk setempat. Gereja berusaha untuk menekan kekerasan yang terjadi melalui gerakan-gerakan Pax Dei dan Treuga Dei. Usaha ini dinilai berhasil, akan tetapi para ksatria yang berpengalaman selalu mencari tempat untuk menyalurkan kekuatan mereka dan kesempatan untuk memperluas daerah kekuasaan pun menjadi semakin tidak menarik. Kecuali pada saat terjadi Reconquista di Spanyol dan Portugal, dimana pada saat itu ksatria-ksatria dari Iberia dan pasukan lain dari beberapa tempat di Eropa bertempur melawan pasukan Moor Islam, yang sebelumnya berhasil menyerang dan menaklukan sebagian besar Semenanjung Iberia dalam kurun waktu 2 abad.

Pada tahun 1063, Paus Alexander II memberikan restu kepausan bagi kaum Kristen Iberia untuk memerangi kaum Muslim. Paus memberikan baik restu kepausan standard maupun pengampunan bagi siapa saja yang terbunuh dalam pertempuran tersebut. Maka, permintaan yang datang dari Kekaisaran Byzantium yang sedang diancam oleh kaum Muslim Seljuk, menjadi perhatian semua orang. Hal ini terjadi pada tahun 1074, dari Kaisar Michael VII kepada Paus Gregorius VII dan sekali lagi pada tahun 1095, dari Kaisar Alexius I Comnenus kepada Paus Urbanus II.

Perang Salib adalah sebuah gambaran dari dorongan keagamaan yang intens yang merebak pada akhir abad ke-11 di masyarakat. Seorang tentara Salib, sesudah memberikan sumpah sucinya, akan menerima sebuah salib dari Paus atau wakilnya dan sejak saat itu akan dianggap sebagai “tentara gereja”. Hal ini sebagian adalah karena adanya Kontroversi Investiture, yang berlangsung mulai tahun 1075 dan masih berlangsung selama Perang Salib Pertama. Karena kedua belah pihak yang terlibat dalam Kontroversi Investiture berusaha untuk menarik pendapat publik, maka masyarakat menjadi terlibat secara pribadi dalam pertentangan keagamaan yang dramatis. Hasilnya adalah kebangkitan semangat Kristen dan ketertarikan publik pada masalah-masalah keagamaan. Hal ini kemudian diperkuat oleh propaganda keagamaan tentang Perang untuk Keadilan untuk mengambil kembali Tanah Suci – yang termasuk Yerusalem (dimana kematian, kebangkitan dan pengangkatan Yesus ke Surga terjadi menurut ajaran Kristen) dan Antioch (kota Kristen yang pertama) – dari orang Muslim. Selanjutnya, “Penebusan Dosa” adalah faktor penentu dalam hal ini. Ini menjadi dorongan bagi setiap orang yang merasa pernah berdosa untuk mencari cara menghindar dari kutukan abadi di Neraka. Persoalan ini diperdebatkan dengan hangat oleh para tentara salib tentang apa sebenarnya arti dari “penebusan dosa” itu. Kebanyakan mereka percaya bahwa dengan merebut Yerusalem kembali, mereka akan dijamin masuk surga pada saat mereka meninggal dunia. Akan tetapi, kontroversi yang terjadi adalah apa sebenarnya yang dijanjikan oleh paus yang berkuasa pada saat itu. Suatu teori menyatakan bahwa jika seseorang gugur ketika bertempur untuk Yerusalemlah “penebusan dosa” itu berlaku. Teori ini mendekati kepada apa yang diucapkan oleh Paus Urbanus II dalam pidato-pidatonya. Ini berarti bahwa jika para tentara salib berhasil merebut Yerusalem, maka orang-orang yang selamat dalam pertempuran tidak akan diberikan “penebusan”. Teori yang lain menyebutkan bahwa jika seseorang telah sampai ke Yerusalem, orang tersebut akan dibebaskan dari dosa-dosanya sebelum Perang Salib. Oleh karena itu, orang tersebut akan tetap bisa masuk Neraka jika melakukan dosa sesudah Perang Salib. Seluruh faktor inilah yang memberikan dukungan masyarakat kepada Perang Salib Pertama dan kebangkitan keagamaan pada abad ke-12.